The formation of Tashkent State Agrarian University was closely linked with name of Mirzo Ulugbek National University, founded in 1918 by local intellectuals, as many other Central Asian universities. In the 1920s, there were 8 faculties among them there were agricultural one. On May 26, 1930 on the basis of this faculty, the Central Asian Agricultural Institute was established and after some changes, it was renamed the Tashkent Agricultural Institute in October 1934.
In April 1991, the university received the status of Tashkent State Agrarian University. This status was given to only 8 of the 104 agricultural higher educational institutions in the CIS for its achievements in training, science development, scientific and pedagogical potential, quality improvement, development and strengthening of material and technical base. In the early years, the Tashkent Agricultural Institute was prepared specialists in agronomy, cotton growing, breeding and seed production, plant protection and sericulture. In 1941, it began to train of specialists in fruit -growing, in 1942 - in viticulture, in 1944 - in forest melioration , in 1945 - in agrochemistry and soil science, plant protection, in 1952 - in economics, in 1959 - accounting in agriculture, in 1978- on animal husbandry. Since 1959, the university has organized training of specialists in correspondence courses of on-the-job training.
From 1957 to 1965, the Tashkent Agricultural Institute trained the teachers of biology and the basics of agriculture. From 1962 to 1965, 122 such specialists were trained. The activity of higher education is closely connected with the history of our country, its agriculture, economy, culture and development of higher education. The University has become a major educational and scientic center in Central Asia for agriculture. The constant care provided by the state, thanks to great scientists and highly qualifyed teachers in the higher education institution, and their productive work were accumulated in TSAU. In addition, along with training for their country from 1946 to 1993, the Tashkent Agricultural Institute prepared 1039 specialists with higher education for 71 foreign countries, 207 PhDs and doctors of science for 40 countries. Ill specialists from 25 countries improved their qualifications at the university at the departments, and 615 specialists from 75 countries were trained at UN courses at the university from 1976 to 1990. Even before the independence, the Tashkent State Agrarian University, named the Tashkent Agricultural Institute, was one of the successfully operated leading agricultural universities of the Union. This is evidenced by the fact that in 1977 and 1981 it was awarded the Challnge Banner following the All-Union competition, and in 1978 and 1982 it was entered into the Book of Labor Glory of Uzbekistan. In 1980, the university was awarded with the Order of Friendship of Peoples Order.
In Tashkent State Agrarian University, there are 3 branches (Nukus-2003, Termez-2017, Andijan-2018), 1 Academic Lyceum, 4 Centers, 6 faculties and 30 departments.
- the number of directions of undergraduate education is 20, the number of students is 5225;
- the number of masters' specialties 23, the number of undergraduates 215;
- number of directions for special distance education 1, number of students 10;
- the number of directions of correspondence education 13, the number of students 390;
- the number of directions of the second higher education by correspondence 10, the number of students in it is 339;
- number of foreign students 14;
- the number of educational directions in the field of joint program 5, the number of students 120;
- the number of masters specialties 3, the number of students master' degree 27.
There are 502 professors and teachers at the university; 46 of them are doctors of science, professors, 207 are candidates of science, associate professors. The total area of Tashkent State University is 28,8 hectares. There are 11 educational buildings, 5 students hostels, 1 Information Resource Center, a students' canteen with 360 seats and 6 aditional buildings at the university. The total area of educational buildings is 602771.90 sq.m